Neta Ji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha. His mother’s name was Prabhavati and his father’s name was Janaki Nath Bose. Subhash Chandra Bose was the great freedom struggle leader of India. He tried hard to liberate the country, he loved his country very much. He devoted his entire life to the country. His wife was named Emilie Schenkl and had a daughter named Anita Bose. Neta Ji died on 18 August 1945 in a country called Japan.
Netaji’s early life in this way:-
He had 8 brothers and 6 sisters and was the ninth child of his parents, he was very close to his brother Sharad Chandra Bose. His father Janaki Nath Bose was a famous and successful lawyer of Cuttack, who was given the title of Rai Bahadur. Netaji was very much interested in studies as a childhood, he was very hardworking and loved by his teacher. Netaji never had any interest in sports, he studied school from Cuttack, after which he did his BA from Philosophy at Presidency College, Kolkata Netaji was very much opposed to the persecution of Indians by an English professor in the same college. At that time the issue of casteism was raised a lot. It was the first time that Netaji wanted to do civil service. Due to the rule of English, it was very difficult to go to the civil service, then his father sent him to England to prepare for the Indian Civil Service. In this examination, Netaji came in 24th position, in which he got the highest number in English, Netaji considered Swami Vivekananda as his mentor. Netaji had a great love for the country, he was worried about the independence of the country, due to which he turned down a civil service job in 1921 and returned to India
Netaji’s political life:-
Subhash Chandra Bose joined the Indian Congress party as soon as he returned to India. Initially, Netaji was the leader of the Indian Congress party in Calcutta. He worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das. Netaji considered Chittaranjan Das as his political mentor. In 1922, Chittaranjan Das left the party with Motilal Nehru and enumerated a new party, Swaraj. When Chittaranjan Das was making his new strategy, then at that time Netaji had made a special place among the young students in Calcutta. He wanted to see independent India as soon as possible. The discussion of his work was spreading all around, Netaji had come up with a young thought and from that, he was becoming famous as a youth leader. During a Congress meeting in Guwahati in 1928, differences arose over the talk between the new and old members. Netaji did not want to follow anyone’s rule, he wanted to follow his own rule. But the old leaders wanted to follow the rules made by the British but Netaji’s views were different from Mahatma Gandhi Ji. Netaji did not agree with Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent idea. He was a young man who believed in violence policy. In 1939, Netaji stood for the post of National Congress President, against whom Gandhiji had put up Patami Sita Ram Miami. Which was defeated by Netaji Gandhiji had lost it, Gandhiji was very sad. He resigned from his post only after knowing Netaji. Netaji was becoming anti-Gandhi in the eyes of people due to a lack of ideas, after which he himself left the Congress party.
About Indian National Army
In 1939, the Indian War was going on. Then Netaji took his stand there, he wanted to get help from the whole world so that the pressure was put on the British and they should leave the country and the effect was seen. After which, the British government put Netaji in jail, did not eat or drank for two weeks in jail, seeing his deteriorating condition, the young people of the country started demanding his release, then the government had stopped eyeing him in Calcutta. Meanwhile, in 1941, Netaji escaped from there with the help of his niece and first went to Bihar from Peshawar to Germany via the Soviet Union and met the ruler of Hitler. Before the arrival of the politician, Netaji had traveled to many parts of the world, he had a good understanding of the country and the world. He knew Hitler’s enemy was England, he took diplomacy to take revenge on the British and he thought it appropriate to make enemies of the enemy. Meanwhile, Australia’s Emily Schenkl to a woman named married and had a daughter named Anita Bose. In 1943, Netaji left Germany and reached Japan in South East Asia, where he met Mohan Singh, who was then the chief of the Azad Hind Fauj and, formed the Azad Hind Fauj together with Netaji Mohan Singh and Rasbihari. Along with this Netaji also formed the Azad Hind Sarkar Party, in 1944, Netaji gave the Azad Hind Fauj the slogan of ‘Give me blood, I will give you freedom’ which brought new revolution across the country
Netaji’s departure to England
Netaji went to England where he met the president, politician, and chief of the British Labor Party, where he talked about India’s independence and future. He had even persuaded the British to leave India to a great extent.
How did netaji die
in 1945 while going to japan, Netaji’s plane crashed in Taiwan but his body was not found. after some time, he was declared dead. the Government of India also set up a lot of inquiry committees on this accident but it could no be confirmed even today.